A. One Health Clubs

OHE has established One Health Clubs in two Public Universities that are financially supported by CSSP/OPRIFS in Assosa and Semera Universities of Ethiopia. The main goal of establish the clubs is to enhance awareness creation of One Health in the research community in universities.

The two clubs were established with 30 members each on 07/01/2016 and 09/01/2016 for Assosa and Samara Universities respectively. With their sex disaggregation for Assosa University being M=18, F=12 and Samara club being M=, 19 and F=11.

Activities of the One health Clubs

- Conduct awareness raising programs inside the university and around the host community;
- Produce fliers and other communication materials on how to prevent the youth from addiction and vulnerability to health problems;
- Provide counseling services to victims of addiction, sexual violence, infection, etc;
- Arrange referral linkages for victims of addiction, sexual violence, HIV infection and other problems to get timely treatment by networking with different institutions such as regional Health Hospital, HIV and AIDS counseling clinics, psychotherapy clinics etc;
- Arrange peer-support groups to assist victims of addiction, violence, infection, etc to cope up in their education and social life;
- Arrange motivational seminars by inviting successful personalities and motivational speakers from inside and outside the university to educate the university youth about healthy and responsible life;
- Arrange day-outs for mobilizing the university community for mass action such as tree planting, waste cleaning, beautification, etc;
- Establish partnership & linkage with other similar Clubs inside and outside the country and arrange joint learning and sharing sessions;
- Arrange edutainment activities to provide addicted and vulnerable youth with the opportunity to socialize, learn and entertain themselves in a productive and healthy way.

Expected Outcome of One Health Clubs

First of all, it is going to be a birthplace for piloting the effectiveness of One Health Clubs in building resilient student communities inside universities and in up-lifting community services standards of the selected universities. Specifically, the project will have the following outcomes:

- Reduction in the number of addicted youth in the student communities of the two universities;
- Reduction in the incidence of violence against girl students – rape and sexual violence of any other sort – harassment, intimidation, etc.
- Develop strong health seeking behavior among the student communities of the universities.
- Reduction in the number of student dropouts due to loneliness, intimidation, stress, mental illness, etc.
- The promotion of healthy and productive group activities in university setups.

B. Zoonotic Diseases Research & Training Center

The One Health-focused zoonotic disease research & training center aims to unite the efforts of physicians, veterinarians, research scientists, and others to gain additional insights into the complex interrelationships with a goal of combating zoonotic diseases in Ethiopia.

What is the importance of establishing One Health-focused zoonotic diseases research & training centre in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia has the second largest human population in Africa and the largest livestock population on the continent. About 80% of Ethiopians are dependent on agriculture and have direct contact with livestock or other domestic animals. As a result, the country is vulnerable to the spread of zoonotic diseases.

With rapid transportation of people, animals, and food, now the norm in many world economies, we are facing new complex zoonotic diseases and food safety problems on a scale never seen before. To respond to and control these problems, we will need new approaches. One Health Ethiopia should be accompanied by zoonotic diseases research & training centre in order to be effective & efficient. It is an interdisciplinary approach that encompasses animal, human, and environmental health. It has been embraced as a way forward by many groups of professional experts as a strategy for advancing health care in humans, animals and the environment through communication and collaboration between multiple disciplines with the realization that human, animal, and environmental health are all connected.

The zoonotic diseases research & training centre will be established in partnership & collaboration with various institutions especially government Universities in Ethiopia. The centre will be beneficial to the academic and research professionals.

The research center will have its own contribution on;

- Providing cross-disciplinary research and enhancing community service opportunities to provide more comprehensive education and outreach services.
- It serves as interdisciplinary platform for undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral education programs for the Universities.
- Public health, animal health, environment health, social sciences and infectious diseases (Zoonotic), environment management and policies and will be source of feedback for policy makers.

The training center will focus on;

- Introducing the concept of One Health problem solving which combines public health, veterinary health, and environmental health
- Overview of One Health, zoonoses and their impacts
- Surveillance of emerging and endemic zoonoses, including outbreak investigation
- One Health in practice (study design and implementation), including regulatory and ethics considerations
- Research center laboratory safety, treatment handling, evaluation of risk etc.
- Human & Animal Disease control and One health implementation policy development
- One Health relationships with other social sciences
- Scientific communication and key research skills