What is One Health?
The term One Health can be defined as the collaborative efforts of multiple disciplines working nationally, regionally, and globally, to attain optimal health for people, animals, and our environment.
At its core, One Health fosters a collaborative approach to issues that intersect human, animal and environmental health.
Although One Health is not a new concept, it has become more important in recent years. Interactions among people, animals, and the environment continue to change. The expansion of human and animal populations, changes in climate and land use, and increased international travel and trade provide opportunities for disease spread. During the last 3 decades, approximately 75 percent of emerging infectious diseases among humans have been zoonotic diseases, which can be transmitted from animals to people. This has encouraged modern proponents of One Health.
One Health obviously includes the health professions. But, it also includes wildlife specialists, anthropologists, economists, environmentalists, behavioral scientists, and sociologists, among others. One Health embraces the idea that complex problems at the human-animal-environmental interface can best be solved through multidisciplinary communication, cooperation, and collaboration.
One Health is increasingly being acknowledged by national and international institutions as the most constructive approach to address complex issues at the animal-human-environmental interface. Its current holistic and collaborative approach is supported by many human and animal organizations such as the American Medical Association and the American Veterinary Medical Association, CDC, International One Health Congress e.t.c.
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